When we heard about speech therapy the first thing that comes in our mind is fluently communicating. Some of you might have availed the services for your children and many times yourself had visited the classes. Still many of us do not have a clear picture what is all about. Most people think that it’s all about articulation fluently without stammering. But it covers more than that as it is not about only pronunciation well. It helps people to overcome in vital areas such as language, voice, fluency, and oral motor/swallowing. It is great for people who are not able to communicate properly and wants to enhance their communication skills.
The first thing is the articulation therapy. It helps an individual to pronounce accurately and improve speech intelligibility. This process is much disciplined and follows particular sets of rules. The first step involves auditory training. This further proceeds to accurately say the sound and eventually a full sentence.
The other step involves language therapy which caters in treating receptive language and expressive language or combination of both. The first one includes improving skills such as identifying pictures and following direction. The latter includes naming objects and etc.
Voice therapy includes treating voice disorders related to speaking voice. A person suffering from voice disorders can sound raspy, horse or rough and one suffering from this feel humiliated in front of friends and colleagues. This disorder is mostly caused by illness or trauma. In this disorder, it includes vocal nodules, vocal polyps, vocal cord paralysis, and laryngitis.
Stuttering commonly known as fluency therapy helps a person to speak more fluently. This helps a person to speak more confidently among their friends and in public. By this, an individual can express himself without embarrassing in front their office colleagues.
In Oral motor and swallowing helps an individual to strengthen muscles in the mouth. By doing such he would have proper control over his voice and words. The reasons behind the weakness of these muscles are mostly illness and injury. This process greatly helps in overcoming this problem.
A speech-language pathologist (SLP), the main goal behind this is to develop and regain speech therapy to the best possible way. The duration of this process mostly depends on the degree of the communication disorder and how motivated a patient is. The more the motivated the lesser the time it will take to overcome such problem.